Chinese City Fact: Haikou

Haikou is the capital of Hainan Province (Island) in Southern China and is home to a population of more than 2 million people in the built up area. Haikou started out as a port city and much of it’s trade continues to come through it’s port now.

'Haikou: Hai Rui Tomb1' photo (c) 2007, Pavel Krömer - license:

In the old part of town there is a rich mix of architectural styles. Portuguese, French and South East Asian influenced mansions were built by wealthy Chinese individuals whose families have long since returned to the mainland. Haikou has the cleanest air in China although in recent years, with more people buying cars for transportation, air quality has diminished somewhat. The groundwater is classed as “mineral” quality and residents in Haikou are being encouraged to maintain their clean environment through a number of initiatives unique in China.

'Haikou: Huandao Tide Hotel' photo (c) 2007, Pavel Krömer - license:

For more on Haikou please visit:


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